Nickel’s most common use is as a crucial element in stainless steel production, and it is estimated that around 65% of the world’s nickel is used in stainless steel. However, this silvery-white metal has many qualities, including corrosion resistance, that makes it ideal for a variety of other applications. Here we will look at five of them.
Nickel is widely used in batteries, especially in rechargeable batteries. Nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride batteries are used in many electronic devices such as mobile phones, laptops, and digital cameras.
These batteries have a high energy density and can be recharged many times, making them an ideal choice for portable devices. An in-depth article on this fascinating subject can be found here:
Nickel is not only corrosion-resistant but also has great strength and resistance to high temperatures. This makes it ideal for many components in the aerospace industry, especially engine parts for aeroplanes.
Nickel alloys are also extensively used in this sector, with various nickel composites being applied to give extra durability and non-stick properties among other things. A range can be seen here:https://www.poeton.co.uk/advanced-treatments/apticote-460-nickel-composites.
3. The Chemical Industry
Nickel forms a vital part of many chemical processes including fertilisers, dyes, and various pigmenting processes. Nickel catalysts are also extensively used in the production of plastics and other materials.
Nickel is commonly used in the production of coins. Nickel’s resistance to corrosion and wear makes it an ideal material for coins that are in circulation for a long time.
In the United States, the five-cent coin, commonly known as the nickel, is made of a copper-nickel alloy. Other countries, such as Canada and Australia, also use nickel in their coinage.
5. Stainless Steel Production
Last but not least, nickel is vital for stainless steel production. Stainless steel is a material widely used in medical appliances, kitchenware, and cutlery because it is resistant to corrosion and easy to clean.
Nickel is also used in the production of other types of steel, such as high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel, which is used in the construction industry.